Diabetes affects around 3.7 million people in the UK.
About 90 per cent of those cases are caused by type 2 diabetes.
Making some diet swaps is crucial for diabetes patients to avoid high blood sugar.
Patients choosing to eat fruit should restrict themselves to just four different types, it’s been revealed.
Berries, apples, pears and baobab fruit are the best fruits for diabetes patients, according to nutrition website Water For Health.
They’re high in fibre and anthocyanins, and won’t increase blood sugar levels to the same extent as other fruits, it said.
Eating the right type of oil will promote healthy insulin action, it added.
Diabetics should eat extra-virgin olive oil, coconut oil or flaxseed oil.
But, some types of oil – including soybean and canola oil – are highly processed and inflammatory, it claimed.
The best place to start for a diabetes patient’s diet, however, is to monitor their sugar intake.
“Sugar is, of course, public enemy number one when it comes to diabetes – meaning cakes, muffins and 90 per cent of breakfast cereals are off the menu,” said Water for Health.
“But some people seem to forget that starch itself breaks down to produce glucose.
“Starchy carbs are, in essence, concentrated sugar. The glycaemic index of table sugar is actually similar to, or lower than, the glycaemic index of starchy foods like basmati rice, wholemeal bread and baked potato.”
Diabetes patients should eat plenty of vegetables, it added. But, it’s important not to overcook them.
Cooking vegetables too much reduces their nutrient content, while over-boiling them lets the nutrients to seep out into the water.
“Red onions and garlic appear to be particularly helpful for blood sugar control,” it added.
“Starchy vegetables such as parsnips, sweet potatoes and pumpkin should only be consumed if blood sugar levels are under control. Stick to leafy greens and low glycaemic index-load vegetables.”
Diabetes type 2 is caused by the pancreas not producing enough of the hormone insulin, or the body not reacting to insulin.
Symptoms of the high blood sugar condition include extreme tiredness, passing more urine than normal, or blurred vision.
Speak to a GP if you’re worried about the signs or symptoms of diabetes.